Learn How To Exfoliate Your Skin Safely

Learn How To Exfoliate Your Skin Safely

Do you know how to safely exfoliate your skin? Exfoliating safely could improve the appearance of many different areas of concern to give you glowing, gorgeous skin, but not exfoliating properly or over-exfoliating could wreak havoc on your skin and cause irritation and breakouts. 

If you choose to exfoliate, make sure you follow this simple guide to do it properly. Keep reading to learn the techniques of different exfoliation methods and how exfoliation can help your skin look radiant and beautiful. 

How Does Exfoliation Benefit Your Skin

Exfoliation is beneficial in helping cell regeneration by buffing the first layer of the skin. This process removes dead skin cells and buildup that creates dull-looking skin. This can enhance the appearance of your skin, making it look more radiant, glowing, and smooth. 

You can use different types of exfoliation methods to aid in this process. If you have any skin conditions, you may want to ask your dermatologist if exfoliation will benefit you. 

Mechanical Exfoliation Methods

There are different mechanical tools you can use to exfoliate the skin. Additionally, a form of mechanical exfoliation includes anything with granular, gritty ingredients that do the hard work for you. 

For mechanical exfoliation, the tools you can use include a brush, sponge, glove, mitt, and scrub.

A brush, or a bristle brush, is a tool that can be used all over the body and face. A perk of using this tool is that it can come in any shape and size and help you reach areas that are typically harder to reach, like your back. 

A glove or mitt is beneficial to cover large surface areas like your legs and arms. They are typically easier to handle than a sponge or brush when they are wet. 

Lastly, scrubs are products made with small, granular ingredients specially made for either the face or body. They are applied in a circular motion all over the skin. 

Chemical Exfoliation Methods 

There are two types of acids, chemical exfoliants, that exfoliate the skin effectively. The first is Alpha-Hydroxy Acids, AHAs, and they cause your skin to gently shed dead skin cells on the surface of your skin. 

Examples of AHAs include: 

  • Glycolic acids that are derived from sugar cane and has antimicrobial properties that help reduce the appearance of acne 
  • Lactic acids are derived from lactose and are used to aid in the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles 
  • Tartaric acids that are derived from grapes and aids in reducing the appearance of sunspots and acne scars 
  • Citric acids that are derived from citrus fruits and help with the appearance of textured or rough skin

These acids are derived from various plants and animals and are used in a multitude of formulations and concentrations. The most reliable acids are glycolic and lactic acids because they decrease the likelihood of developing the appearance of irritation and redness. 

With AHA, it is best to choose one with a 10%-15% concentration in the product and to use them gradually so that your skin can get used to them. 

Understanding BHAs

Beta-Hydroxy Acids, BHAs, are more suitable for acne-prone skin but work similarly to AHAs. Examples of BHAs include: 

  • Beta Hydroxyl 
  • Salicylic 

BHAs are oil-soluble and penetrate deeper into the skin than AHAs, so they are typically better for those with acne. This acid goes deep into the pores and targets excess oil, sebum, and dead skin cells. This type of acid is generally best for those with combination or oily skin types.  

This acid needs to be applied gradually but can be used daily after your skin gets used to it. When reaching for a BHA, a good concentration is .5-5% depending on your skin’s sensitivity. 

Acids generally can’t be used together but can be alternated morning and night or used every other day. Try integrating one slowly and build up so that your skin adjusts. 

How To Exfoliate For Your Skin Type 

It is important to remember that using sunscreen is important with all skin types because exfoliation makes skin sensitive to UV damage and the appearance of irritation and sunspots. 

Dry Skin

Exfoliation can be beneficial for dry skin because it removes the appearance of flaky or dull-looking skin. Mechanical exfoliation is not recommended for this skin type because it can further dry the skin and lead to damage. 

Instead, opt for the Ultra Body Mitt and make sure to include sunscreen and moisturizer in your skin routine. 

Sensitive Skin

Avoid harsh exfoliation methods such as mechanical for this skin type. This skin type is susceptible to the appearance of irritation and redness. Using the Clear Skin Mitt can help reduce the appearance of irritated skin and exfoliate the top layer to release trapped oil and other impurities using only water.

Oily Skin

This skin type greatly benefits from mechanical exfoliation such as dry brushing or exfoliation tools. This skin type generally has extra build-up on the surface that can be removed before chemically exfoliating. 

For a safe exfoliation, use a Back & Body scrubber in gentle motions all over the skin and moisturize aftward. 

Normal Skin

For normal skin, any type of exfoliation is recommended. Both types, mechanical and chemical, will benefit the appearance of your skin. Trying out different methods could help you decide which works best for you depending on your skin’s needs. 

Combination Skin

This skin type may want to experiment with exfoliation methods when addressing their skin’s needs. However, exfoliation doesn’t have to be difficult. Avoid using harsh methods and opt for a MicrodermaMitt Exfoliating Body Mitt instead. 

As the Body Mitt exfoliates, it deep cleans your pores of oil, lotions, soap and other buildup. Your skin will instantly feel smoother, healthier and look more radiant. 

How To Exfoliate Body Regions 

Not all body parts are the same when starting your exfoliation routine. Over-exfoliating certain regions can cause the appearance of irritation, redness, and uncomfortable, dry skin. With each body part, moisturize and use sunscreen to keep skin health balanced. 


Adhere to the recommendations above when exfoliating your face because it solely depends on what type of skin you have. 

Place the face mitt on the face and apply in gentle, circular motions. Rinse off with warm water. Using exfoliating face mitts also helps reduce the appearance of pores and breakouts. 


The best way to exfoliate limbs is with an exfoliating tool such as a deep exfoliation mitt. This can help the appearance of your skin by getting rid of dead skin cells, texture such as rough skin, or cellulite. Body scrubs are also beneficial if you prefer something scented. 


Scrubs are recommended for feet and hands. Additionally, pumice stones are beneficial for reducing the appearance of calluses and rough texture on feet. 

How Much Should I Exfoliate?

The frequency you exfoliate depends on your skin type, your skin needs, and what type of exfoliant you choose. Usually, one to two times per week is a perfect amount to reap the benefits of exfoliation. 

Signs of over-exfoliating may include: 

  • Burning 
  • Itching 
  • Irritation 
  • Redness 
  • Peeling skin 

Oily skin exfoliators, however, can up the frequency depending on how their skin is feeling. 

Try Exfoliating and Get Glowing

There are many different exfoliating methods you can try to achieve the appearance of radiant, beautiful skin. Most importantly, it is best to remember to start slow and build up with exfoliation to let your skin adjust to the new routine. 

The most gentle approach is the best approach to buffing the dead skin cells off the first layer of your skin. If you have skin conditions or additional skin concerns, always consult a dermatologist to get the best approach for your skin type. 



Clinical evidence on the efficacy and safety of an antioxidant of salicylic acid (SA) cream in the treatment of facial acne | Online Library 

Understanding Skin Care Product Ingredients | Cleveland Clinic 

Comparative effectiveness of alpha-hydroxy acids on skin properties | NCBI 

Alpha Hydroxy Acids | FDA